Sri Guru Granth Sahib
Sikh Rehat Maryada
- Sikhi is a way of life – a disciplined mode of living aimed at constantly experiencing the presence and unity of the One (infinite Oneness), truthful righteous living in accordance with the laws of nature, recognising the equality of all mankind and a love for all of existence. Simply the vision of the Sikh Gurus is of : 1 humanity and 1 existence love for all things.
- Ik = 1, everything is part of Onkar (infinite Oneness, universe). There is no other, there is only Oneness. Ik Onkar is the primary concept of Sikhi.
- The journey for a Sikh and any human, is to elevate the consciousness to the supreme state in order to experience Oneness and manifest divine qualities through righteous daily thoughts & actions, with each and every breath. The Sikh is a student that constantly overcomes the ego of self to live according to truthful universal laws of nature and undertakes selfless actions that contribute to society. In this existence, each human must endeavour to make this unique journey to realise Oneness within self & also all existence and to realise their full potential.
- The Guru is the enlightener – the Guru is the shabad or divine word or knowledge to transform the mind state from darkness (ego) to light (supreme state). As the Guru states: “Water mingles with water and light merges in the light, discarding their separate existence“.
- Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) – encapsulates the divine shabad or knowledge on realising Oneness and focuses on transforming the inner human mind. Humans are born in a state of self ego where the mind is out of control subject to five negative qualities e.g. attachment, anger, pride, greed and lust which lead to pain and suffering. Transforming the mind into the supreme state – the human manifests divine qualities: Naam – experiential or practical understanding and implementation of righteous qualities such as truth, compassion, accountability and humility in daily existence and the elevated mind then experiences constant supreme bliss and peace. The enlightened human lives according to the divine universal laws of existence.
- The Gurdwara is an educational institution – meaning the door to the Guru’s divine knowledge, encapsulated in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
- Sikh Gurus – Sikhi originated ~500 years agos in the Punjab, in the north west of the Indian subcontinent. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Sahib the first guru (1469-1539), and the 9 subsequent Gurus explained and lived the message of Ik Onkar. The 10th Guru Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib sealed the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, and conferred guruship to SGGS in 1708. The divine knowledge in SGGS is the eternal Guru for Sikhs. This knowledge is a gift to all of humanity.
Sikh core values for daily living can be summarised as : Naam japna, Wand kay Shako and Kirat Karni.
The ten Sikh Gurus were a unique, perfect manifestation and reflection of Oneness. All shared the single same divine message of Ik Onkar. The gurus lived according to Sikh teachings and provided a perfect transformation example of how to live a righteous human life. They elevated the consciousness of humanity to provide a path for all to realise the Oneness, aided the poor, fought injustice, repression and cruelty, and alleviated pain and suffering.
Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS)
SGGS is a gift to humanity and the eternal Guru for Sikhs – it aims to transform the inner mind state of a human to a divine supreme state. Each person has a unique spiritual development state. SGGS is a personal Guru for each individual, providing a definitive universal guide to ones own spiritual and righteous existence path.
Uniquely, the SGGS was written directly by six of the ten Sikh Gurus – it also contains the writings of 31 other saints from diverse backgrounds who also shared the same message and experiential connection with Oneness. SGGS was finally sealed by the 10th Guru Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji in 1708.
SGGS starts with a definition of Ik Onkaar in the Mool Manter or root verse. This is then explained through major shabad or divine poetic hymns structured according to mind states e.g. Jap Ji Sahib meaning understanding living based on the rational laws of nature (laws of the Oneness), Anand Sahib meaning divine bliss. SGGS has 5877 Shabad all set to musical raag measures. These are recited and sung in Kirtan.
The Sikh Ardas a prayer for humanity.
Sikh Rehat Maryada
Rehat is a disciplined code of living. The Sikh Rehat Maryada is defined by the Sikh Panth and is entrusted to the Sri Akaal Tahkt the Sikh temporal body for making truthful decisions.
Gurpurab Dates based on Nanakshahi Calendar
The old Bikrami calendar used for setting date is inaccurate with an error of 1 day in about 71 years. The proposed Nanakshahi calendar reduces this error to one day in about 3,300 years, but in the case of Nanakshahi calendar this error will automatically be corrected, whenever the correction to the Common Era calendar is made. The new Nanakshahi calendar is simple, rational, more accurate, and conforms to Gurbani. Sankrants will occur on the same dates in the CE year, every year. All Gurpurbs will also occur on the same dates every year, with one exception noted above. There will not be any need to consult outdated Jantri publishers to find out when a Gurpurb is to occur.
|Guru||Event||Nanakshahi Date||Common Era Date||Key teachings and Humanity Contribution|
|1st||Guru Nanak birth and Guruship
(1469 – 1539, 70 yrs Guruship)
|19 Katak||02/11||Ik Onkar ‘Oneness’, Anti-ritual and anti-non-fact based beliefs, Sikhi foundation principles: humanity equality, geneder equality, social equality (against caste), Freedom of thought and religon. Personal accountability for mind state, thinking and actions. Allevated poverity established free food kitchin ‘langer’, selfless service to society and sharing wealth. Right to benevolent & justice based government, spoke out against religon based oppression and violence of invading Mughal muslim army, called the emperor Barber a ‘butcher’. Travelled nearly 50,000 miles – across Indian subcontinent, Middle East, Europe Rome, may be Americas.|
|Guru Nanak passes away||8 Asu||22/09|
|2nd||Guru Angard birth (1504)||5 Vaisakh||18/04|
|Guru Angard Guruship (1539 – 1552, 13yrs)||4 Asu||18/09||Developed Gurmukhi script to educate common people, education established several schools. Role model character: loyal, hardworking, dedicated.|
|3rd||Guru Amar Das birth (1479)||9 Jeth||23/05|
|Guru Amar Das Guruship (1552 – 1574, 22yrs)||3 Vaisakh||16/04||Social justice and cultural reform. Reinforced langer as practical way transform achieve equality of people. Womens rights and safety outlaws widow burning, removed stigma of remarrage widows, Abolished purdah / veil for women.|
|4th||Guru Ram Das birth (1534)||25 Asu||09/10|
|Guru Ram Das Guruship (1574 – 1581, 7 yrs)||2 Asu||16/09||Created Harimander Sahib Amritsar. B+E11ought people together from all walks of life, voluntary service, authored Laava gurbani hymns on stages of union with Oneness used for Sikh marrage cermony.|
|5th||Guru Arjan Dev birth (1563)||19 Vaisakh||02/05|
|Guru Arjan Dev Guruship (1581 – 1606, 25 yrs)||2 Asu||16/09||Complied first edition of Adi Granth Sahib, largest contributer of Gurbani Shabad. Included consistent writings of 30 other saints from all parts of india, multi-backgrounds and multi-language. Executed by ruling Mughal islamic extremists for elevating peoples thinking and living according to humanitarian priniciples.|
|6th||Guru Hargobind birth (1595)||21 Harh||05/07|
|Guru Hargobind Guruship (1604 – 1644, 40 yrs)||2 Asu||16/09||Instilled in Sikhs spirt to fight against oppression and for rights of downtrodden, importance of Miri Piri earthly power and spiritual power (double sword symbol). Freed 52 imprissoned hindu kings. Martial leader and created warrier spirit, winning several battles against Mughal rulers.|
|7th||Guru Har Rai birth (1630)||19 Magh||31/01|
|Guru Har Rai Guruship (1644 – 1661, 17 yrs)||1 Chet||14/03||Served as a healer of people and lover of nature. An expert in holistic medicine.|
|8th||Guru Har Kishan birth (1656)||8 Sawan||23/07|
|Guru Har Kishan Guruship (1661 – 1664, 3yrs)||6 Katak||20/10||High spirtual wisdom, self service to the poor and outcasts, alleviated and healed smallpox plague victims in Delhi.|
|9th||Guru Teg Bahadur birth (1621)||5 Vaisakh||18/04|
|Guru Teg Bahadur Guruship (1665 – 1675, 10 yrs)||5 Vaisakh||16/04||Travelled widely teaching Sikhi in the Indian subcontinent, executed by extermist Mughal islamic rulers for fighting to preserve freedom of belief. Hindus were forced to convert to Islam or put to death.|
|10th||Guru Gobind Singh birth (1666)||23 Poh||05/01|
|Guru Gobind Guruship (1675 – 1708, 33 yrs)||11 Maghar||24/11||Completed Khalsa collective sikh body for upholding the highest humanitarian and moral code, sealed and ordains as eternal Guru Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Fought major conflicts with Mughal islamic extermists guilty of social and religous oppression, forced conversions, in order to achieve freedom of belief and expression|
|Eternal||Guru Granth Sahib Guruship by Guru Gobind Singh (1708)||6 Katak||20/10|